A language is a structured system of communication.
- English – English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global bridge English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. Modern English has been spreading around the world since the 17th century by the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States. English is the largest language by number of speakers and the third most-spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish. English is the majority native language in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
Native speaker – 379.0 million
Total Speaker – 1.132 billion
- Mandarin Chinese (incl. Standard Chinese)
Chinese is spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people (around 16% of the world’s population) speak some form of Chinese as their first language. In everyday English, “Mandarin” refers to Standard Chinese, which is often called simply “Chinese”. Standard Chinese is based on the particular Mandarin dialect spoken in Beijing, with some lexical and syntactic influence from other Mandarin dialects. It is the official spoken language of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the de facto official language of the Republic of China (ROC, Taiwan), and one of the four official languages of the Republic of Singapore.
Native speaker – 917.8 million
Total Speaker – 1.116 billion
- Hindi – Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in India and across the Indian subcontinent. Modern Hindi is the standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language, which itself is based primarily on the Khariboli dialect of Delhi and other nearby areas of Northern India. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the two official languages of the Government of India, along with the English language. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. As a linguistic variety, Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Alongside Urdu as Hindustani, it is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English. Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit. It is also spoken in countries such as Nepal, Fiji, Mauritius.
Native speaker – 341.2 million
Total Speaker – 615.4 million
- Spanish – Spanish is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula and today has over 450 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas. It is a global language and the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Spanish is the official or national language in Spain, Equatorial Guinea, and 19 countries in the Americas.
Native speaker – 460.1 million
Total Speaker – 534.3 million
- French – French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French is an official language in 29 countries across multiple continents. It is spoken as a first language in France, the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick as well as other Francophone regions, Belgium (Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region), western Switzerland (cantons of Bern, Fribourg, Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel, Vaud, Valais), Monaco, partly in Luxembourg, the states of Louisiana, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont in the United States, and in northwestern Italy (region of Aosta Valley), and by various communities elsewhere.
Native speaker – 77.2 million
Total Speaker – 279.8 million
- Standard Arabic – Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is the literary standard across the Middle East, North Africa and Horn of Africa, and is one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Most printed material by the Arab League—including most books, newspapers, magazines, official documents, and reading primers for small children—is written in MSA. Arabic is the fifth most spoken language in the world and the only one in our top twelve that is written from right to left.
Native speaker – – million
Total Speaker – 273.9 million
- Bengali – Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. With approximately 228 million native speakers and another 37 million as second language speakers, Bengali is the fifth most-spoken native language and the seventh most spoken language by total number of speakers in the world.
Native speaker – 228.3 million
Total Speaker – 265.0 million
- Russian – Russian is an East Slavic language, which is an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages, one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages, and part of the larger Balto-Slavic branch. Russian is the largest native language in Europe and the most geographically widespread language in Eurasia.
Native speaker – 153.7 million
Total Speaker – 258.2 million
- Portuguese – Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau.
Native speaker – 220.7 million
Total Speaker – 234.1 million
- Indonesian – Indonesian is the official language of Indonesia. It is a standardised variety of Malay, an Austronesian language that has been used as a lingua franca in the multilingual Indonesian archipelago for centuries. Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation in the world. Of its large population, the majority speak Indonesian, making it one of the most widely spoken languages in the world.
Native speaker – 43.3 million
Total Speaker – 198.7 million